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Произход на домашните животни (Origin of the domestic animals)
Календар
Изложби / Exhibition/ Shows
Bulgarian cattle breeds
Bulgarian buffalo breeds
Bulgarian horse breeds
Bulgarian swine breeds
Bulgarian sheep breeds
Bulgarian goat breeds
Bulgarian chicken breeds
Bulgarian turkey breeds
Bulgarian goose breeds
Bulgarian pigeon breeds
Bulgarian dog breeds
Bulgarian rabbit breeds
Other breeds from Bulgaria
Галерия изложби (Еxhibition gallery)
Моите животни (My animals)
Книги (Books)
Използвани източници (References)
Bulgarian breeds
За контакти
Връзки (Links)



Bulgarian cattle breeds
"Bulgarian cattle breeds"   « Предишна  
СИВО ИСКЪРСКО ГОВЕДО/ БЪЛГАРСКО СИВО ГОВЕДО (Bulgarian grey cattle)

СИВО ИСКЪРСКО ГОВЕДО Местното сиво говедо е древна порода произлязла от кръстосването в миналото на брахицерното говедо и примигеното говедо. Чрез системен отбор и подбор от местното сиво говедо е получено сивото искърско говедо, което до 60-те години е преобладаваща порода в България. През 1914г. се организират първите говедовъдни сдружения, които през 1915г. се обеденяват в говедовъдно дружество в България, а през 1934г. в съюз на говедовъдните дружества. Подобрява се храненето и отглеждането на разплодните животни, в резултат на това се подобряват типът, телосложението и млечността. През този период говеда от породата се изнасят за Турция, Гърция и Югославия. През Втората световна война то се използвало преди всичко за работна сила. Месната и млечната продуктивност били на второстепенно място. СИГ притежава много цени биологични качества, а и стопански: напълно се приспособява към условията на отглеждане, голяма съпротивителна сила срещу жега, студ, ветрове, суша, насекоми и паразити. Има частичен имунитет срещу шап, пироплазмоза и други болести. Има висока пожизнена плодовитост – кравите раждат по 7-8 телета преди да се бракуват. Цветът на космената покривка е светло-тъмно сив с различни оттенъци, като биците са по-тъмно оцветени. Копитният рог е твърд, нетрошлив пригоден за движения по каменист терен. Шията и долната част на тялото са тъмно сиви до черни. Клепачите космите около ушната раковина и „китката” на опашката са тъмно кафяви до черни. Черни са също носното огледало, върховете на рогата, анусът, вулвата и копитата. Главата е средно голяма, лицевата част е по дълга от челната. Рогата са средно големи, лирообразни. Шията е средно дълга с нагънат гердан. Холката е средно висока, добре замускулена. Гърбът е къс, прав, сравнително широк, а поясницата – дълга и добре замускулена. Крупата е широка при хълбочните възвишения, като назад се стеснява, често срещана е свлечената крупа. Гръдният кош е сравнително дълбок и широк. Коремът е добре развит, бъчвообразен. Костната система е здрава и добре развита. Мускулатурата е плътна и суха. Вимето е окосмено, предимно чешевидно и средно голямо, млечността не е висока. Местните качества са незадоволителни. Кравите тежат 400-450кг., а биците 600-700кг. млечността е средно 1800-2500кг., маслеността е висока 4,2-4,5%. Рекордни постижения са постигнли много животни, което е белег за добрите продуктивни възможности на породата: като кравата МИЛКА 451, оглеждана в село Ставерци (1948г.) е дала 6289кг. мляко с 4,57% масленост, крава Правда 110, която на ІІ лактация в бившото ДЗС – Севлиево е дала 5473кг. мляко с 4,25% мастни в-ва, крава Атанаска 263 на VІ лактация е дала 4495кг. с 5,1% мастни в-ва. През 1929-1936г. от направената контрола за млечната продуктивност на кравите от породата в “Клементина – Плевен” са били получени следните дани: 2482кг. средна млечност на лактация с 4,26% мастни в-ва и 3,7% белтък ( А. Геров). Местното сиво и сиво искърско говедо са послужили като основа при създаването на българското кафяво, българско червено, българско сименталско говедо. Все още има чистопородни Искърски крави, а в станциите за изкуствено осеменяване има хиляди дози от първокласни бици. Сиво искърско говедо се отглежда в ИПЖЗ в Троян и “Кабиюк” Шумен (в малки стада). Семена течност от породата се съхранява в Станция за изкуствено осеменяване в Севлиево. Бъдещето на породата тепърва ще се узнае, особено след подпомагането на стопаните отглеждащи автохтонни породи. В България 1,1 % са контролираните от НССРЖ говеда от породата СИГ от общото поголовие говеда.

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